Friday, December 6, 2013

Training Glossary



1.5 Rep Method
You perform

Bench Press (Barbell)
 File:Bench-press-3-2.pngFile:Bench-press-3-1.png 
Images from Wikipedia

Bench Press (Dumbbell)
File:Dumbbell-bench-press-2.pngFile:Dumbbell-bench-press-1.png
 Images from Wikipedia

Drop Set
You hit muscle failure on a set and instead of terminating the set you drop the weight enough so that you can complete more reps with the same exercise. Often times this is done twice after the initial failure. See Mechanical Drop Set.

Example: You curl 30lbs to failure for 10 reps. You immediately curl 20lbs to failure for 5 reps. You immediately curl 10lbs to failure for 3 reps.

30lbs x 10 (no rest)
20lbs x 5   (no rest)
10lbs x 3

Hypertrophy
an increase in muscle size

From Wikipedia

Muscle hypertrophy involves an increase in size of skeletal muscle through an increase in the size of its component cells. Hypertrophy can be broken down into two types of categories: myofibrillar and sarcoplasmic. Each of these specific types of muscle hypertrophy will result in increasing size of cells, but not of equal effect. Sarcoplasmic hypertrophy is focused on increasing the actual size of the muscle, and less on increasing strength. Myofirbil hypertrophy will focus more on strength increase and less on an increase in the size of the skeletal muscle.


Generally speaking higher rep work (8-14 reps) will lead to more sarcoplasmic hypertrophy whereas lower rep work (1-5 reps) will lead to more myofibrillar hypertrophy.



Mechanical Drop Set
You hit muscle failure on a set and instead of terminating the set you switch to a more mechanically advantaged version of the lift so that you can complete more reps.


Example: You incline bench press 135lbs to failure for 10 reps. You immediately adjust the bench to a flat bench press and perform 5 reps to failure with the same 135lbs. You immediately adjust the bench to a decline bench press and perform 3 reps to failure with the same 135lbs.



Incline Bench Press      135lbs x 10   (no rest)
Flat Bench Press          135lbs x 5     (no rest)
Decline Bench Press     135lbs x 3   

Skull Crusher

Squat

Superset
You perform sets of two different exercises back to back with no rest in between.

Example: You bench press 135lbs for 10 reps and then immediately perform 10 pullups. This is one superset.
Bench Press  135lbs  x 10 (no rest)
Pullups          BW      x 10



Tricep Press Down